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Species:
Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg, 1830)
Valid Name:
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Parent taxa:             Genus / Family / Order / Superorder / Subclass / Class
Colurella: Lepadellidae: Ploima: Pseudotrocha: Monogononta: Eurotatoria
Taxonomic / nomenclatural notes:
• not Colurella cf. colurus (Ehrenberg) after Jersabek (1996) [Ref.13778] [=Colurella anodonta Carlin].
• Type species of genus Monura Ehrenberg, 1830 (invalid synonym of genus Colurella Bory de St. Vincent, 1823).
• Specific name treated as noun in apposition, and as such needs not to agree in gender with genus name. It refers to similarity of Monura colurus Ehrenberg [=Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg)] with species of genus Colurus.
• The taxonomy of the polymorphic species group C. adriatica - colurus - geophila is particularly confused. Transitional forms exist, and cryptic species with narrower geographic ranges and/or ecological tolerances are likely to be discovered.
Nomenclatural status:
name in current use
Species group name declinable:
no
Validity:
valid
Taxon Rank:
Species
Availability:
available
Original Combination:
Monura colurus
Original Spelling:
Monura colurus
Latest Revision:
Koste, W (1978): Rotatoria. Die Rädertiere Mitteleuropas. Ein Bestimmungswerk, begründet von Max Voigt. Überordnung Monogononta. 673, 234 pls.
Page last modified on: 15.05.2016 by C.D. Jersabek
Original description
 
Ehrenberg, C G (1830): Organisation, Systematik und geographisches Verhältnis der Infusionsthierchen. Zwei Vorträge in der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin gehalten in den Jahren 1828 [Die geographische Verbreitung der Infusionsthierchen in Nord-Afrika und West-Asien, beobachtet auf Hemprich und Ehrenbergs Reisen] und 1830 [Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Sibirien].
p.64
Ehrenberg, C G (1830): Organisation, Systematik und geographisches Verhältnis der Infusionsthierchen. Zwei Vorträge in der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin gehalten in den Jahren 1828 [Die geographische Verbreitung der Infusionsthierchen in Nord-Afrika und West-Asien, beobachtet auf Hemprich und Ehrenbergs Reisen] und 1830 [Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Sibirien].  p.64
Literature documentations
 
Ehrenberg, C G (1838): Die Infusionsthierchen als vollkommene Organismen. Ein Blick in das tiefere organische Leben der Natur.
Ehrenberg, C G (1838): Die Infusionsthierchen als vollkommene Organismen. Ein Blick in das tiefere organische Leben der Natur.
Displaying items 1 - 1 of 15
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Althaus, B, 1957 Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg6 
Altindag, A;M Sözen, 1996 Turkish Journal of Zoology20 
De Smet, W H, 2002 International Review of Hydrobiology87Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg, 1830)
De Smet, W H;J M Bafort, 1990 Biologisch Jaarboek (Dodonaea)58 
Ehrenberg, C G, 1830 Organisation, Systematik und geographisches Verhältnis der Infusionsthierchen. Zwei Vorträge in der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin gehalten in den Jahren 1828 [Die geographische Verbreitung der Infusionsthierchen in Nord-Afrika und West-Asien, beobachtet auf Hemprich und Ehrenbergs Reisen] und 1830 [Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Sibirien]. 
Ehrenberg, C G, 1838 Die Infusionsthierchen als vollkommene Organismen. Ein Blick in das tiefere organische Leben der Natur.  
Fontaneto, D;H Segers;G Melone, 2008 Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom88
Gosse, P H, 1887 Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society7Monura loncheres Gosse, 1887
Gosse, P H, 1887 Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society7Colurus grallator Gosse, 1887
Hauer, J, 1925 Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft und des Naturhistorischen Museums in Lübeck30 
Hudson, C T;P H Gosse, 1886 The Rotifera; or wheel-animalcules, both British and foreign.I+II 
Jersabek, C D, 1996 Berichte der naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischen Vereinigung Salzburg11Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg, 1830)
Jersabek, C D;E Bolortsetseg, 2010 Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia159Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg, 1830)
Kaya, M;A Altindag, 2007 Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology25 
Koniar, P, 1950 Přírodovědný sborník5 
Kutikova, L A;L A Folian, 1996 Proceedings of the Zoological Institute267 
Moosleitner, E, 2000 Ökologie und Biogeographie alpiner Rädertiere (Rotifera) und Kleinkrebse (Copepoda, Cladocera). Colurella colurus (Ehrenberg, 1830)
Pejler, B, 1962 Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala33 
Schmid-Araya, J M, 1993 Jahresberichte der Biologischen Station Lunz14 
Segers, H, 1998 Belgian Journal of Zoology128 
Displaying items 1 - 20 of 21
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Colurella colurus compressa (Lucks, 1912) name in current useSubspeciesavailable
Displaying items 1 - 1 of 1
IUILocality(sorted ascending)
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  Macrophytes (Hippuris), and reed belt / Lake, freshwater10.09.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information4
L
  Bottom sediments (shallow littoral) / Lake, freshwater10.09.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Open water (tychoplanktonic) / Pond, freshwater19.06.2012CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  Open water (tychoplanktonic) / Pond, freshwater23.02.2010CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  - / Pool, saline (coastal tide pool)01.01.1886Literature / - / Published Information3074
L
  Bottom sediments / Lake, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic)10.08.1992Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Open water / Lake, freshwater (oligotrophic)11.11.2015CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  Open water (littoral) / Lake, freshwater19.08.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information4
L
  - / Pool, saline (coastal tide pool)01.01.1900Literature / - / Published Information3074
L
  Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel, mud) / Stream, freshwater (alpine)01.07.2010EX_Gletscherbäche / 2010 / Austria, Hohe Tauern (Alps)2
F
  Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel, mud) / Stream, freshwater (alpine)01.07.2010EX_Gletscherbäche / 2010 / Austria, Hohe Tauern (Alps)2
F
cf. Macrophytes (Utricularia, Nymphaea) / Pond, freshwater (eutrophic)08.11.1994CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  Stream bottom / Stream, freshwater (glacial)01.10.2010EX_Gletscherbäche / 2010 / Austria, Hohe Tauern (Alps)1
F
  Macrophytes (Myriophyllum) / Pond, freshwater06.08.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2052
L
  Mud surface / Pond, freshwater06.08.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2052
L
  Bottom sediments (littoral sand, cobble, gravel) / Pond, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic)20.08.1996Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Moss / Pond, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic)20.08.1996Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Open water / Pond, freshwater (artificial)12.06.2007CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
Displaying items 1 - 18 of 18
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Geographical Range:
Cosmopolitan, including Antarctic region.
Macrohabitat:
Lake, freshwater; Lake, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic); Lake, freshwater (oligotrophic); Pond, freshwater; Pond, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic); Pond, freshwater (artificial); Pond, freshwater (eutrophic); Pool, saline (coastal tide pool); Rock pool, seawater; Stream, freshwater (alpine); Stream, freshwater (glacial);
Microhabitat:
Bottom sediments; Bottom sediments (littoral sand, cobble, gravel); Bottom sediments (shallow littoral); Macrophytes (Hippuris), and reed belt; Macrophytes (Myriophyllum); Macrophytes (Utricularia, Nymphaea); Moss; Mud surface; Open water; Open water (littoral); Open water (tychoplanktonic); Stream bottom; Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel, mud);
Temperature:
6.00°C to 24.00°C, avg=16.10°C, n=9
Redox:
-128.00mV to -52.00mV, avg=-102.67mV, n=3
Oxygen:
3.15mg/l to 10.80mg/l, avg=9.08mg/l, n=6
Conductivity:
9.00µs/cm to 1244.00µs/cm, avg=463.78µs/cm, n=9
Saturation:
28.00% to 151.00%, avg=115.17%, n=6
TDS:
180.00mg/l to 615.00mg/l, avg=370.00mg/l, n=5
PH:
6.10 to 9.00, avg=8.19, n=9
Salinity:
0.20ppt to 0.60ppt, avg=0.36ppt, n=5
Ecology summary:
Eurytopic in stagnant and running freshwater, with preference for neutral to alkaline conditions; also in athalassic saline waters, saltmarshes, coastal tide pools, and purely marine enironments; not rare in fresh- and saltwater psammal; even thermal water; psammophile, eurythermic, euryhaline. Records (none illustrated) from peat bogs require cofirmation (Jersabek & Bolortsetseg, 2010) [Ref.18457].
Food:
 
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Afrotropis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Antarctis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Australis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Nearctis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Neotropis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Orientalis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Palaearctis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaKärntenBezirk Spittal a.d. Drau
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaOberösterreichBezirk Gmunden
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaSalzburgFlachgau
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaSalzburgPongau
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeUnited KingdomScotlandPerth Co.
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaBayanhongorBa-Tsagaan soum
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaHovdBuyant soum
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaUvsZüüngovi soum
Displaying items 1 - 15 of 15